NextLevel Online: The Pentateuch

Session 5: A God who Fights

Session 5 covers Exodus 5-15 where we talk about the God who fights.



Classroom

Classroom Instructions

Lesson
Materials: Lesson Outline
Leader

Notes from Teaching Video

  • Exodus 5
    • “Who is the Lord?” is quite different than “I am.”
    • This reinforces the very Biblical concept that following God often results in our suffering.
    • Verse 18: “go, work” is the exact phrase said by Pharaoh in Exodus 10:8, 10:24, and 12:31
  • Exodus 6
    • Have you ever been unable to see hope because of the depths of your despair?
  • Exodus 7-13: The Ten Plagues
  • Exodus 14-15
    • God will use this to trap Pharaoh unexpectedly.
    • Once reality hits, the people panic. They can’t see God’s perspective, and it gets them into trouble.
    • The Lord will win the battle.
    • No longer will the Egyptians be able to say, “who is the Lord?”
    • The Song of Moses and Miriam

Questions for Discussion and Reflection

  • We don’t typically talk about God as a warrior. How do these texts impact your view of God?

  • Included below is a chart that mentions all the places “hardening of the heart” is mentioned in Exodus 1-15. Take some time as a group to work through the handout, circling who does the hardening in each case.

  • Looking at the way that Exodus describes the hardness of Pharaoh’s heart, think about these questions: How would you respond to someone who said that Pharaoh never had a choice? How would you respond to someone who said that Pharaoh always had a choice?

The Hardening of Pharaoh’s Heart

VersePlagueHebrew WordHebrew StemSense of the Hebrew WordWho seems to “harden”?
4.21-חזק (ḥzq)Pielto make strong, firmGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
7.3-קשׁה (qšh)Hiphilto make obstinateGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
7.13-חזק (ḥzq)Qalto act with determinationGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
7.14-כבד (kbd)Adjectivedull, unresponsiveGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
7.221חזק (ḥzq)Qalto act with determinationGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
8.152כבד (kbd)Hiphilto make dull, unresponsiveGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
8.193חזק (ḥzq)Qalto act with determinationGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
8.324כבד (kbd)Hiphilto make dull, unresponsiveGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
9.75כבד (kbd)Qalto be heavy, dullGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
9.126חזק (ḥzq)Pielto make strong, firmGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
9.347כבד (kbd)Hiphilto make dull, unresponsiveGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
9.357חזק (ḥzq)Qalto act with determinationGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
10.18כבד (kbd)Hiphilto make dull, unresponsiveGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
10.208חזק (ḥzq)Pielto make strong, firmGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
10.279חזק (ḥzq)Pielto make strong, firmGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
11.1010חזק (ḥzq)Pielto make strong, firmGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
14.4-חזק (ḥzq)Pielto make strong, firmGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
14.8-חזק (ḥzq)Pielto make strong, firmGod / Pharaoh / Unclear
14.17-חזק (ḥzq)Pielto make strong, firmGod / Egyptians / Unclear

About NextLevel Online

The vision of Ozark Christian College is to glorify God by evangelizing the lost and edifying Christians worldwide. The mission of Ozark Christian College is to train men and women for Christian service as a degree-granting institution of biblical higher education.