NextLevel Online: Introduction to the Gospels

Session 5: The Gospel According to John

The last session is the Gospel according to John.



Classroom

Classroom Instructions

Lesson
Materials: Lesson Outline
Leader
  • Purpose: John 20:30–31

    • “Now Jesus did many other signs in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written so that you may believe [101x] that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.”
  • Prologue Themes:

    • “In the beginning was the Word...” (Creation/New Creation) (Wisdom)

    • Jesus = God

  • John assumes his audience was familiar with the Synoptics (Intertextuality)

  • Witnesses to Jesus
    (A.E. Harvey called John a prophetic “lawsuit” where the reader is called upon to render a verdict).

    • John the Baptist

    • Woman in Samaria

    • Miracles/Signs

    • The Father

    • Scriptures

    • Moses

    • Holy Spirit

    • John (The Beloved)

  • Contrasting Encounters with Jesus

    • Nicodemus & Samaritan Woman (ch. 3-4)

    • Blind man & Pharisees (ch. 9)

    • Judas & Mary of Bethany (ch. 12)

  • Dualisms & Dual meanings

    • Light/darkness, life/death, above/below, spirit/flesh, truth/false, etc.

    • Water, bread, birth, temple

  • Jesus is Fulfillment of Jewish Festivals (Thematic Unit in 5-8):

    • Sabbath (ch. 5)

    • Passover (I am the Bread - ch. 6)

    • Tabernacles (Living water / I am the Ligh - ch 7-8)

    • Dedication (Hanukkah - ch. 10)

    • 3 Passovers (2:13; 6:4; 12:1

      • Jesus = Passover Bread (ch. 6)

      • Jesus = Passover Lamb (ch. 1; 19:36)

  • Seven major discourses closely related to 7 signs.

    • The New Birth (ch. 3)

    • The Water of Life (ch. 4)

    • The Divine Son (ch. 5)

    • The Bread of Life (ch. 6)

    • The Life-Giving Spirit (ch. 7)

    • The Light of the World (ch. 8)

    • The Good Shepherd (ch. 10)

  • Seven signs (σημεῖον):

    • Water to wine (ch. 2)

    • Nobleman’s son (ch. 4)

    • Lame man at Bethesda pool (ch. 5)

    • Feeding 5,000 (ch. 6)

    • Walking on Water (ch. 6)

    • Man born blind at pool of Siloam(ch. 9)

    • Lazarus (ch. 11)

    • Resurrection (ch. 20)

    • Great Catch of Fish (ch. 21)

  • Seven “I am” statements

    • Bread of Life (6:35)

    • Light of the World (8:12)

    • The Gate (10:7)

    • The Good Shepherd (10:11)

    • The Resurrection & The Life (11:25)

    • The Way, the Truth and the Life (14:6)

    • The Vine - (15:5)

  • Other significant “I Am” sayings (echoing Ex. 3:14):

    • “I am, do not be afraid.” (6:20)

    • “…before Abraham was, I am.” (8:58)

    • “…that you may believe I am he… (13:19)

    • “I am…they fell backward…” (18:5-6)

  • Jesus’ divine & human attributes

    • Creator (1:1)

    • Sovereignty (“my hour” [ὥρα] 2:4; 7:6 [καιρὸς]; 7:30; 8:20

    • Knowledge (2:24-25; 18:4)

      • Notice what theologians call Jesus’ ontological equality but functional subordination during his earthy ministry (e.g., 5:19; 8:28; 12:49)
    • Tired from travel (e.g., 4:6)

      • Note: This same word speaks to the hour/time still coming for the disciples. The implication being that Jesus is still sovereign in their hour/time (4:23; 5:25; 16:2-32).

About NextLevel Online

The vision of Ozark Christian College is to glorify God by evangelizing the lost and edifying Christians worldwide. The mission of Ozark Christian College is to train men and women for Christian service as a degree-granting institution of biblical higher education.