NextLevel Online: Introduction to the Gospels

Session 2: The Gospel According to Matthew

Session 2 covers the Gospel according to Matthew.



Classroom

Classroom Instructions

Lesson
Materials: Lesson Outline
Leader
  • Inclusio:

    • 1:1

      • Son of David=authority

      • Son of Abraham=bless the nations

    • 28:18-20

      • All authority

      • Make disciples of all nations.

  • “Messianic King” — [Kingdom of Heaven = 33 / Kingdom of God = 4]. Matthew’s genealogy turns on the number 14 (David’s name). F.F. Bruce said that Matthew was about the king and the kingdom.

    • “Son of David” — 9xs in Mathew. 8 unique uses [3 in Mk; 3 in Lk]. Blomberg mentions that those who use this phrase to address Jesus are “consistently the powerless ones” in the narrative (pg. 146).

    • “Fulfilled” (πληρόω) — 15x in MT // 10x as the formula “This was to fulfill”

    • OT References — includes 65 OT references; 21 are from Isaiah alone.

  • “Conflict with Jewish Leaders — Shepherd/Sheep (see Ezekiel 34) Conflict with Roman Leaders

  • New Moses.

    • Infancy miracles, massacre of babies, out of Egypt, wilderness preparation before ministry, teaching from a mountain, grumbling.

    • 5 Blocks of Teaching/Narrative (5-7; 10; 13; 18; 23-25)

      • Each end with the phrase: “When Jesus had finished saying these things.” [7:28; 11:1; 13:53; 19:1; 26:1 (26:1 adds “all these things”]
    • Law/Righteousness — major theme in comparison to other gospels.

    • Mountains are featured more Prominently in Matthew:

      • Temptation Mountain Mt 4:8

      • Teaching Mountain Mt 5-7

      • Praying Mountain Mt 14:23

      • Healing Mountain Mt 15:29

      • Transfiguration Mountain Mt 17:1

      • Removing Mountains Mt 17:19-20

      • Seeking the Lost in the Mountains Mt 18:12

      • Removing Mountains Mt 21:21

      • Olive Mountain Mt 24:3

      • Flee to the Mountains Mt 24:15-17

      • Betrayal Mountain Mt 26:30-31

      • Commission Mountain Mt 28:16-20

  • Jesus as the embodiment of Wisdom (OT Wisdom is from God)
    In Mt -- the words σοφία (wisdom), σοφός (wise), and φρόνιμος (wise/prudent) appear more times in Matthew than in the other gospels combined.

    • Jonathan PenningtonJesus the Great Philosopher
      True teaching on how to live the fulfilled life (not just spiritual life)
      • Mt 12:42 One greater than Solomon is here
      • Mt 7:24 Build your life on the Rock of his teaching
  • Money - Matthew includes unique texts:

    • Temple tax in 17:24-27 and the

    • Unforgiving servant in 18:23-15

    • He also uses a wide variety of economic terms

  • Inclusio:

    • 1:23 Immanuel

    • 28:20 I am with you always…

About NextLevel Online

The vision of Ozark Christian College is to glorify God by evangelizing the lost and edifying Christians worldwide. The mission of Ozark Christian College is to train men and women for Christian service as a degree-granting institution of biblical higher education.